Net Neutrality

Net neutrality raises important questions about government, investment, and protecting user rights.By
cover icon for Net NeutralityAttribution: Midjourney V4


Net neutrality is the principle that all internet traffic should be treated equally, without any discrimination or preference given to certain types of traffic or websites. This means that internet service providers (ISPs) should not be able to block or slow down access to specific websites or services or charge higher fees for faster access to certain content. The idea behind net neutrality is to ensure that the internet remains a level playing field for all users, regardless of their location, resources, or ability to pay.

There are strong arguments both for and against net neutrality.

Pro-net neutrality

One key argument for net neutrality is that it promotes competition and innovation. Without net neutrality, ISPs can use their power to favor certain websites or services, giving them an asymmetrical advantage over smaller or newer competitors. This can stifle innovation, as smaller companies may not have the resources to pay for faster access or may be unfairly disadvantaged by ISP slowdowns. Net neutrality ensures that all websites and services have an equal opportunity to reach users.

Another argument for net neutrality is that it protects freedom of expression and access to information. The internet has become a vital platform for communication and expression, and net neutrality ensures that all voices can be heard equally. Without net neutrality, ISPs can censor or limit access to certain websites or content, potentially limiting viewpoint diversity. This can have serious consequences for democratic societies, as it can limit the ability of individuals to access and share information and ideas.

Lastly, net neutrality is important for protecting the privacy of internet users. Without net neutrality, ISPs can potentially track and sell user data to third parties or use it for targeted advertising. This can have serious privacy implications for users, as it allows ISPs to profit from their personal data without their consent. Net neutrality ensures that ISPs are not able to use their power to exploit user data.

Against net-neutrality

While net neutrality has been widely supported as a principle, there are also valid arguments against it. One argument against net neutrality is that it could hinder investment in infrastructure. ISPs may be less likely to invest in upgrading or expanding their networks if they are not able to charge different rates for different types of traffic. This could lead to slower internet speeds and less reliable service for users.

Another argument against net neutrality is that it could lead to government overreach and over-regulation. Net neutrality would have to be enforced by a central authority (the government) and would be highly burdensome for ISPs. This can lead to increased costs, which would be passed on to users in the form of price hikes. Additionally, there are concerns that government regulation of the internet could similarly lead to censorship or limitations on free speech.

A further argument against net neutrality is that it could limit the ability of ISPs to offer differentiated services. Without the ability to charge different rates for different types of traffic, ISPs may be less able to offer specialized services such as gaming or high-definition video streaming — reducing user choice.

The best argument against net neutrality, however, is that it was struck down nearly four years ago, and the internet hasn't crumbled.

Discussion Questions

  • How should the internet be regulated to ensure that it remains open and accessible to all users?
  • What role, if any, should the government play in regulating the internet?
  • How can we balance the need for net neutrality with the need to encourage investment in internet infrastructure and the expansion of internet access?
  • How can we ensure that the internet remains a platform for innovation and free expression while also protecting the rights of users and businesses?


EFF. 2015. “Net Neutrality.” Electronic Frontier Foundation. 2015.

Wikipedia Contributors. 2018. “Net Neutrality.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. November 29, 2018.

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