In this essay, we explore the political ideology of anarchism, including its beliefs and arguments both in favor of and against its implementation.By
cover icon for AnarchismAttribution: Unsplash


Anarchism is a political ideology that advocates for the abolition of government and the establishment of a society based on voluntary cooperation and mutual aid. Anarchists believe that government is unnecessary and oppressive. They believe individuals and communities can organize themselves more justly and equitably than they currently are.


One argument in favor of anarchism is that government is inherently corrupt, serving the ruling class's interests rather than the people's needs. Anarchists argue that government is often used to suppress the people and is prone to abuse of power, corruption, and exploitation. They believe that a society based on voluntary cooperation and mutual aid would be more just and equitable, allowing people to live in a way unfettered by bureaucratic regimes aligned with their values.

Another argument favoring anarchism is that it allows for greater freedom and autonomy. Anarchists believe that individuals are best able to make decisions about their own lives and that government interference only serves to restrict personal freedom and independence. They argue that a society based on Anarchist values would allow individuals to express themselves without state coercion.


However, there are also arguments against anarchism. A standard view is that anarchism is impractical and would lead to chaos and disorder. Critics argue that a society without a government would be unable to maintain law and order, making it vulnerable to crime and violence. They also say that anarchism does not provide a solution for issues such as national defense and international relations because it would be unable to address more significant social problems, such as poverty and inequality, without the organization that an overarching system would provide.

Another argument against anarchism is that it is incompatible with human nature. Critics argue that humans are naturally selfish and competitive, so a society based on voluntary cooperation would be unable to function. They say that a government must enforce laws and maintain social order and that anarchism is a naive and untenable ideal.

Discussion Questions

  • Is anarchism a realistic and practical political ideology?
  • How would a society based on voluntary cooperation and mutual aid be able to address issues such as national defense and international relations?
  • Is anarchism compatible with human nature, or are humans naturally selfish and competitive?
  • How would a society based on anarchism address social problems such as poverty and inequality?
  • What are the potential drawbacks of anarchism, and how could they be addressed?
  • Is anarchism a desirable alternative to traditional forms of government, or are they necessary for maintaining social order?

If you've read this far:

Consider joining CTD! You can start a chapter, join our team, or learn more about about Crossing the Divide.